born in 1861, died in 1941, writer, playwright, composer, painter and Indian philosopher. His important work had a profound influence in India and elsewhere on the arts. He received the Nobel Prize for literature in 1913. A friend of Gandhi, he founded at Santiniketan (abode of peace) a natural pedagogy, Gandhian and Montessori school. He wrote the national anthem of the India : Jana Gana Mana.
« Back to Glossary Index
Thou art the rulers of the minds of all people,
dispenser of India’s destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts
Of Punjab, Sind, Gujarat and Maratha,
Of the Dravida and Orissa and Bengal;
It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas,
mingles in the music of Yamuna and Ganga and is chanted by
the waves of the Indian Sea.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
thou dispenser of India’s destiny,
Victory, victory, victory to thee.