Duḥkha

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the Buddha said that the main reason why most people are kept in saṃsāra (संसार) and prevents them from becoming awake is that they do not fully understand Duḥkha (Dīgha Nikāya, 16, 2, 1). Presentation of the first noble truth of the Buddha “Behold, O monks, the noble truth of Duḥkha : birth is Duḥkha, aging is Duḥkha, disease is Duḥkha, death is Duḥkha, sorrow and lamentation, pain, affliction and despair are Duḥkha; to be united with what we do not like is Duḥkha; being separated from what we love or from what pleases us is Duḥkha, not getting what we desire is Duḥkha. In one word, the five aggregates of attachment are Duḥkha”.

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