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it’s a Sanskrit term which means the “erroneous knowledge”.

Non-knowledge consists of four aspects

  • The first is asmitā, it’s the element of the ‘self’ that is constantly pushing us ‘I ??have to defeat him’ , ‘I am the greatest’ , ‘I know I ‘m right’ , ‘I can not be mistaken
  • The second is rāga, affection or desire; we want something that gave us pleasure yesterday, although we are aware that we don’t need it.
  • The third is dveṣa ((द्वेष), which seems to be the opposite of  rāga, but with different effects. When you do not get what we want, we start to hate it or we go through an unpleasant experience that we do not wish to happen again.
  •  The fourth is abhiniveśa (अभिनिवेश ), the source of fear. It’s the most mysterious aspect of ’avidyā. Whatever its source, abhiniveśa has ramifications, which extend at all levels of our daily life. We feel weakened. We take fright. The judgment of others or of our parents about us inspires us fear. We feel disturbed when our way of life is threatened. We refuse to face old age. All this has its source in abhiniveśa, the fourth child of avidyā. These four children, separately or in combination, prevent us from grasping a situation clearly.
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